February is Black History Month – Alvernia Would Like to Celebrate the Contributions of Women of Color to the Suffrage Movement and Beyond!
It’s important to acknowledge that, although the suffrage movement constituted a huge milestone for women, many white suffragists were hostile to the efforts to be inclusive of Women of Color and more work had to be done. To celebrating diversity, inclusivity and Black History Month, we want to acknowledge the courage and perseverance of black women who fought for the cause!
Check out this article on returning black women to the center of the history of women’s suffrage.
This video talks about Ida B. Wells and Mary Church Terrell, suffragists, activists, educators, etc.
We would like to take this opportunity to shift the narrative to a deeper understanding of our history regarding Women Suffrage and the 19th Amendment It should also be noted that even when Women of Color were finally allowed to fulfill their civic duty to vote and constitutional right, they still ran into other barriers, such as poll taxes, literacy test, intimidation, and outright violence. Literacy tests were often implemented to act as obstacles for people of color in the exercise of their voting rights. If you didn’t pass, you couldn’t vote! This was common in many states and is a virulent kind of voter suppression– the issue of voter suppression is still a problem today and disproportionately affects people of color.
Here are some examples of questions from the 1965 Alabama Literacy Test (there are 68 questions total on the full test!):
1.)Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the Bill of Rights? _____Public Education _____Employment _____Trial by Jury _____Voting
2.) The federal census of population is taken every five years. _____True _____False
3.) If a person is indicted for a crime, name two rights which he has. ______________________ ________________________
4.) A U.S. senator elected at the general election in November takes office the following year on what date? _________________________________________________
5.) A President elected at the general election in November takes office the following year on what date? ______________________________________________________________________
6.) Which definition applies to the word “amendment?” _____Proposed change, as in a Constitution _____Make of peace between nationals at war _____A part of the government
7.) A person appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court is appointed for a term of __________
8.)When the Constitution was approved by the original colonies, how many states had to ratify it in order for it to be in effect? _________________________________________
9.) Does enumeration affect the income tax levied on citizens in various states? __________
10.) Person opposed to swearing in an oath may say, instead: (solemnly) ______________________________________________________________